Thai Herbs and ingredients
Grate – to cut food into very small pieces by rubbing it against a grater
Grill – to cook food on a metal frame over fire.
Layer – to form or arrange parts or pieces of something on to each other
Level – to make something flat or level.
Melt – to change from a solid to a liquid usually because of heat like cheese.
Pinch – the amount of something that can be held between your finger and thumb.
Pour -to flow in a steady stream from or into a container or place. Scramble – to prepare eggs by mixing the white and yellow parts together and then stirring the mixture in a hot pan.
Serve – to give food or drink to someone.
Simmer – to cook something so that it is almost boiling for a certain period of time.
Slice a thin piece of food that is cut from something larger.
Spread – to put a layer of something on top of something else.
Stir – to mix something by making circular movements in it with a spoon or similar object.
Taste – to sense the flavour of something that you are eating or drinking.
Add – to put something with another thing or group of things.
Bake – to make food, such as bread and cake by preparing a dough, batter, etc., and cooking it in an oven using dry heat.
Blend – to mix things thoroughly and usually with good results.
Boil – to cook something in water that is boiling.
Bread – to cover food with bread crumbs before cooking it.
Broil – to cook food directly over or under extremely high heat.
Chop – to cut something into pieces by hitting it with the sharp edge of an ax, knife.
Cut- to use a sharp tool such as a knife to open or divide something: paper or wood.
Dip – to put something into a liquid and pull it out again quickly.
Fry- to cook food in fat or oil.
Sweet. Sour Spicy Salty Bitte
hot bland tasty greasy savoury creamy
Soft hard smooth crunchy crisp
tender chewvy rich
• Language Focus
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Read the following conversation between Peter and Juan in a restaurant in Yorkshire. Peter is describing the different ta and textures of the dishes on a menu.
Peter: So Juan, what do you fancy having?
Juan: I’m not sure. There’s lots of food and dishes from around the world on this menu. You’ve eaten here before, what’s the chicken vindaloo curry like?
Peter: It’s very hot. The last time I had it, my mouth was burning for about 15 minutes. To be honest, it’s a bit bland, it doesn’t really taste of anything. If you want to have a curry, I would recommend the tikka masala, it’s spicy, they use about 15 different spices init, but it’s not hot. I like it, it’s really tasty.
Juan: I’m not sure I want Indian food. And the fish and chips?
Peter: Although I’m English, I don’t like it, it’s greasy. It’s covered in too much oil for me.
Juan: What are the salads like here? They have a caesar salad, is it ok?
Peter: Well, yeah. I had it a couple of years ago. They use fried bacon in the salad as well, which is strange. The iceberg lettuce and the bacon were very crispy, they make a noise when you first chew them. It has fried croutons, which were socrunchy, it was almost like eating a savoury biscuit. But for me, the caesar sauce was too creamy, they used too much cream. There’s another salad that I had the last time I was here, called the Naples salad. It’s got so many different things in it, it has anchovies but are very salty, but it also has small pieces of lemon that gives salad a bit of a sour taste. Because it’s in theory Italian it also has pieces of parmesan in it, the hard cheese they grate on top of Italian pasta. It doesn’t sound good, but combination works very well.
Juan: I’ll order that. Have you looked at the desserts? They have a coffee cake, I like coffee, but the last time I had one was in Spain and it had a very bitter taste, it was like I was eating coffee without the cake.
Peter: I don’t know. I’ve never tried it. I’ve had the toffee ice cream, which was really good. The ice cream is very creamy and it has small pieces of toffee in it, they are really chewy, they get stuck in your teeth. There’s also the butter croissant, which is really flaky and it comes with a smooth raspberry sauce.
Juan: And the chocolate cake?
Peter: It’s very rich, it’s almost like you’re eating a bar of chocolate.
1. Thai curries often appear as part of a banquet meal. Name the variety of curry pastes commonly available in the supermarkets or Asian stores.
2. Thai food relies on the balance of the four flavours- hot, salty, bitter and sour.
What ingredients are used to create the flavours?
2.1 Hot 2.2 Salty 2.3 Bitter 2.4 Sour
นางสาว ธัญลักษณ์ กล้าหาญ BE 3/2
นางสาว ศุภลักษณ์ ชาติชาวนา BE 3/2